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Stavanger Concert Hall

© Jiri Havran

Architects: Ratio Arkitekter AS
Location: Stavanger, Norway
Area: 13,800 sqm
Year: 2012
Photographs: Jiri Havran, Stavanger Aftenblad, Sindre Ellingsen , Jon Ingemundsen, Dirk schoenmacher

Landscape Architects: Sundt og Thomassen as / Landskaperiet as
Engineers: Hjellnes Consult as, ÅF Consult as, Egil Berge as, Sinus as, Kahle Acoustics, Akukon, AIX, TPC, Zenisk
Awards: Norwegian Concrete element award 2012

© Sindre Ellingsen

From the architect. Stavanger Concert Hall, Ratio arkitekter AS

Stavanger Concert Hall was won by Ratio arkitekter AS in an open international competition in 2003, with more than 100 entries. The site is a former industrial and ferry terminal dock only five minutes’ walk from the historical center of Stavanger.

© Jiri Havran

Main concept

By reestablishing the terrain of the small bay, we created a large outdoor amphitheater with all car parking below ground level. The main direction of the building was oriented toward the sea like the old warehouses in the area. Thereby the magnificent view of the harbor area, the islands and the mountain range in the east was retained. The Concert hall forms the northern wall in the plaza, protecting it from the northerly winds and catching the warming sun, so essential in these latitudes.

© Stavanger Aftenblad

The program asked for two halls, more or less similar in volume, but opposite and complementary in content; one hall fine-tuned for natural acoustic, especially the local philharmonic orchestra, and one hall for multiple functions, amplified music like rock and jazz, as well as musicals, dance, congresses and banquettes.

Floor Plan 1

The two halls are placed in two different boxes, side by side: The acoustic hall like a fragile instrument in a protective case of concrete; the multipurpose hall like a sturdy metal box in a glass prism. The concrete volume contains rehearsal rooms, wardrobes and offices, and the glass volume is a large open room with public areas and stunning views of the surroundings. At night the large clear glass wall visually disappears to reveal the art, the experiences and the visitors inside. The silk screened glass works as an enormous projection screen for announcements and live shows. The lobby is dominated by Jeffrey Inaba’s artwork “Skylight 2” and the illuminated mezzanine clad with maple veneer.

© Stavanger Aftenblad

Orchestra Hall

The orchestra hall with 1500 seats is based on the shoebox principle known from numerous classic halls. In close cooperation with the acoustician Eckhard Kahle the side balconies are moved into the hall, which gives early sound reflection but retains the large volume. The ceiling is almost 1000 square meters in area and can be raised and lowered five meters, which changes the reverberation time and makes it possible to tune the hall to the program of the evening. The hall is inspired by string instruments’ soft curves and deep wooden hue. The walls are made of warm pigmented oiled maple, and the floors are ash parquet. The stage side is dominated by a large organ (65 voices) designed in cooperation between the organ architect Ulf Oldaeus and Ratio.

© Stavanger Aftenblad

Multipurpose Hall

The multipurpose hall may be configured like a traditional proscenium theatre with 850 seats, or with a flat floor with a maximum capacity of 1900 people, or still in a number of other configurations. It has both stage lifts and retractable seating on air cushions to ease remodeling of the space between events. The architectural inspiration for this hall is from mechanical workshops, and the hall is consciously given more character than a pure “black box”. Balcony fronts are black with galvanized stretch metal, lit by LED-lights, and walls are dark blue metal cassettes. Floors are black stained ash, and the technical equipment is a natural part of the interior.

Section Multi Purpose

Materials and colours

The main principle is that coloursshould be natural, with a clear contrast between walls and floors, as well as between the two complementary building volumes. The glass lobby has light grey granite floors, exposed concrete constructional elements and grey perforated metal ceilings. The multipurpose hall is clad with almost black steel panels. The concrete is lightly grinded where the quality has not been up to standard. The closed box has dark smoked oak flooring, natural maple and white plaster on the walls. Areas for artists and administration surround the “back of house” glazed court in exposed concrete. The concrete box is clad on the outside with milled and polished red concrete.

© Jiri Havran

The façade is developed together with the manufacturer of the concrete elements, and consists partially ofred granite mixed with red coloured opaque glass. The joints suggest geological processes, as if the taller upper elements are pressing the lower down by the sheer weight. Windows in the façade are placed in different depths, visualizing the thickness of the wall both from the inside and outside. The precise glued glass corners contrast the weight and strength of the concrete.

© Jiri Havran

Landscaping

The main plaza is covered with light grey granite and the steps in the amphitheatre are made of in-situ concrete topped with wooden benches. The theatre is broken by a continuous ramp with grade 1:20, which enables wheelchairs and strollers to reach all the different levels. The exits from the subterranean parking area are given different colors and decorated with mosaics. In flat areas the space is interspersed with grass lawns and flower beds, whilst the other terraces are dominated by evergreens and climbing plants. At the waterfront in the east, the quay is broken by a rectangular bay with steps which brings the water close to the building. On the opposite side there is a small grove of cherry trees, linking the new hall to the large green park behind.

Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Jiri Havran
© Jiri Havran
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Jiri Havran
© Jiri Havran
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Stavanger Aftenblad
© Stavanger Aftenblad

Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Stavanger Aftenblad
© Stavanger Aftenblad
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Jiri Havran
© Jiri Havran
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Sindre Ellingsen
© Sindre Ellingsen

Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Jiri Havran
© Jiri Havran
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Jiri Havran
© Jiri Havran
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Jiri Havran
© Jiri Havran

Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Jiri Havran
© Jiri Havran
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Jiri Havran
© Jiri Havran
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Jon Ingemundsen
© Jon Ingemundsen

Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Stavanger Aftenblad
© Stavanger Aftenblad
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Dirk schoenmacher
© Dirk schoenmacher
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Sindre Ellingsen
© Sindre Ellingsen

Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS © Stavanger Aftenblad
© Stavanger Aftenblad
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS Site Plan
Site Plan
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS Site Plan with Codes
Site Plan with Codes

Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS Floor Plan 1
Floor Plan 1
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS Floor Plan 3
Floor Plan 3
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS Plans with room codes
Plans with room codes

Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS North Elevation
North Elevation
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS South Elevation
South Elevation
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS East Elevation
East Elevation

Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS Section Multi Purpose
Section Multi Purpose
Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS Section Orchestra
Section Orchestra

* Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
Cite: "Stavanger Concert Hall / Ratio Arkitekter AS" 26 Mar 2014. ArchDaily. Accessed 26 Mar 2014. <http://www.archdaily.com/?p=489514>
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