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177 Social Housing In Vitoria

© Hisao Suzuki

Architects: Matos-Castillo Arquitectos
Location: Bulevar de Salburua Kalea, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Álava, Spain
Architects In Charge: Beatriz Matos Castaño, Alberto Martínez Castillo
Area: 32,470 sqm
Year: 2007
Photographs: Hisao Suzuki

Collaborators: Alejandra Martínez de la Riva, Borja Álvarez González, Virginia Sambade Varela, Antonia Peña Alsino, Jorge Bonito Piñana, Marco Colagiacomo, Franca Alexandra Sonntag, Karin Andres
Quantity Surveyor: Alberto López Díez
Structure + Instalation: Valladares Ingeniería
Constructor: LAGUNKETA S.A.

© Hisao Suzuki

From the architect. The proportion of the block is very upright. Nine floors are too many for the dimensions of the courtyard’s block. The first decision is to try to fluff up the maximum part of building adapting it to the maximum envelope possible: the result is a cantilever of 1.5m in every façade of the street, with the back of building allowing cross ventilation in the housing. The second decision is breaking the idea of a closed block courtyard and detaching the volume of the curve alignment in the section that is in contact with square.

© Hisao Suzuki

Our proposal attempts to escape the immediate solution of a block as a continuous and closed nine-storey ring. We intend to introduce into it the spirit of the open block, buildings that confront, approach or overlap defining spaces but not locking them; to create a central courtyard that opens to the street and merges with it, improving the living conditions of both courtyard and interior of the housing; and to make easier the view from inside the courtyard to catch a fragment of the horizon.

© Hisao Suzuki

The block is fragmented in its upper part making up four bodies. Three linear prisms and a tower are relying over a three-storey plinth. The different colours of each body emphasize on the idea of a whole made of independent elements. Vitoria has a wet and cold weather. The biggest aperture to the street is carried out in the south façade allowing sunlight to the courtyard. The outdoor space sneaks into the central courtyard hugging the tower, and runs away the opposite corners through the separations between linear blocks. The gaze just as the breeze escapes from the inside of the courtyard.

© Hisao Suzuki

The façades are ventilated with ceramic pieces in lower floors and lightweight panels in upper floors. In both cases, we worked under the idea of camouflage. In lower floors, a pixelling effect, using almost the whole ceramic piece’s catalogue of colour, dissolve she outline of the windows. In upper blocks, shutters, that are the same material and colour of the façade, open up discovering holes, and close hiding them. Thereby, the houses change over day, night, sun and interior activity.

Plan 1-2-3
177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos © Hisao Suzuki
© Hisao Suzuki
177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos © Hisao Suzuki
© Hisao Suzuki
177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos © Hisao Suzuki
© Hisao Suzuki

177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos © Hisao Suzuki
© Hisao Suzuki
177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos © Hisao Suzuki
© Hisao Suzuki
177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos © Hisao Suzuki
© Hisao Suzuki

177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos © Hisao Suzuki
© Hisao Suzuki
177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos Site Plan
Site Plan
177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos Plan 1-2-3
Plan 1-2-3

177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos Plan 4-5-6-7
Plan 4-5-6-7
177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos Plan 8
Plan 8
177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos Plan 9
Plan 9

177 Viviendas De Protección Oficial en Vitoria  / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos Diagram
Diagram

* Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
Cite: "177 Social Housing In Vitoria / Matos-Castillo Arquitectos" 06 Mar 2014. ArchDaily. Accessed 06 Mar 2014. <http://www.archdaily.com/?p=483060>
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